# Common excel math functions

Note that further math-related Excel functions are also provided in the Excel Statistical Functions and Excel Engineering Functions categories. The tables below list all the current built-in Excel math functions, grouped by category, to help you to find the function you need. Selecting a function link will take you to a full description of the function, with examples of use and common errors.

Note that some of the Excel math functions listed below were introduced in recent versions of Excel, and so are not available in earlier versions. Excel Functions.

Basic Numeric Information.

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Performs a specified calculation e. Rounding Functions. Rounds a number away from zero i. Rounds a number upregardless of the sign of the number, to a multiple of significance New in Excel Rounds a number upregardless of the sign of the number, to a multiple of significance.

New in Excel Rounds a number up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance New in Excel Rounds a number towards zeroi. Rounds a number downregardless of the sign of the number, to a multiple of significance New in Excel Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance New in Excel Rounds a number up or downto the nearest multiple of significance. Truncates a number towards zero i. Returns the unit matrix for a specified dimension New in Excel Conditional Sums.

Adds the cells in a supplied range, that satisfy multiple criteria New in Excel Returns the sum of the products of corresponding values in two or more supplied arrays. Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two supplied arrays.

Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two supplied arrays. Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two supplied arrays. Returns the secant of an angle New in Excel Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle New in Excel Returns the cosecant of an angle New in Excel Cheat Sheet of Excel formulas and function is always a customized worksheet where we can have all those function details, shortcut keys to execute any function or formulas, custom way to use 2 or more function together and guideline to use them.

Also, we can choose those formulas which are complicated to apply for users in a cheat sheet. Start Your Free Excel Course. As we can see, here several string functions are listed. Please refer the below screenshot where I have applied the functions on strings and shown their workings.

Please refer the below screenshot where I have applied the functions on number values and shown their workings. Please refer the below screenshot where I have applied the functions on values and shown their workings.

This has been a guide to Excel Formulas Cheat Sheet. You can also go through our other suggested articles —. This website or its third-party tools use cookies, which are necessary to its functioning and required to achieve the purposes illustrated in the cookie policy.

By closing this banner, scrolling this page, clicking a link or continuing to browse otherwise, you agree to our Privacy Policy. Forgot Password? Call Our Course Advisors. Cheat Sheet of Excel Formulas. Popular Course in this category. Course Price View Course. Free Excel Course. Login details for this Free course will be emailed to you. Email ID. Contact No.So, the total production quantity is Similarly, apply the same logic to get the total salary amount.

Now we know what overall sum values are. Out of these overall total of employees, we need to find the average salary per employee. Select the range of cells for which we are finding the average value, so our range of cells will be from D2 to D We know the average salary per person; for further drill-down, we want to know what is the average salary based on gender.

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So totally there are 10 employees on the list. After counting the total number of employees, we may need to count how many male and female employees are there.

MOD function will return the remainder when one number is divided by another number. For example, when you divide number 11 by 2, we will get the remainder as 1 because only till 10 number 2 can divide.

When we have fraction or decimal values, we may need to round those decimal values to the nearest integer number. For example, we need to round the number 3. As you can see above, B2 cell value Like this, we can use various mathematical functions in excel to do mathematical operations in excel quickly and easily. This has been a guide to Mathematical Function in Excel. Here we discuss how to calculate mathematical function in excel using Sum, Average, Averageif, Counta, Countif, Mod, and Round formulas along with practical examples.

You may learn more about excel from the following articles —. Free Excel Course. Login details for this Free course will be emailed to you. This website or its third-party tools use cookies, which are necessary to its functioning and required to achieve the purposes illustrated in the cookie policy.

By closing this banner, scrolling this page, clicking a link or continuing to browse otherwise, you agree to our Privacy Policy.The tutorial provides a list of Excel basic formulas and functions with examples and links to related in-depth tutorials.

Being primarily designed as a spreadsheet program, Microsoft Excel is extremely powerful and versatile when it comes to calculating numbers or solving math and engineering problems. It enables you to total or average a column of numbers in the blink of an eye.

Apart from that, you can compute a compound interest and weighted average, get the optimal budget for your advertising campaign, minimize the shipment costs or make the optimal work schedule for your employees. All this is done by entering formulas in cells. This tutorial aims to teach you the essentials of Excel functions and show how to use basic formulas in Excel. Before providing the basic Excel formulas list, let's define the key terms just to make sure we are on the same page.

So, what do we call an Excel formula and Excel function? Function is a predefined formula already available in Excel. Functions perform specific calculations in a particular order based on the specified values, called arguments, or parameters. You can find all available Excel functions in the Function Library on the Formulas tab:. Of course, it's next to impossible to memorize all of them, and you actually don't need to.

The Function Wizard will help you find the function best suited for a particular task, while the Excel Formula Intellisense will prompt the function's syntax and arguments as soon as you type the function's name preceded by an equal sign in a cell:.

Clicking the function's name will turn it into a blue hyperlink, which will open the Help topic for that function.

What follows below is a list of 10 simple yet really helpful functions that are a necessary skill for everyone who wishes to turn from an Excel novice to an Excel professional. The first Excel function you should be familiar with is the one that performs the basic arithmetic operation of addition:. In the syntax of all Excel functions, an argument enclosed in [square brackets] is optional, other arguments are required.

Meaning, your Sum formula should include at least 1 number, reference to a cell or a range of cells. For example:. If necessary, you can perform other calculations within a single formula, for example, add up values in cells B2 through B6, and then divide the sum by To sum with conditions, use the SUMIF function: in the 1st argument, you enter the range of cells to be tested against the criteria A2:A6in the 2nd argument - the criteria itself D2and in the last argument - the cells to sum B2:B6 :.

In your Excel worksheets, the formulas may look something similar to this:.

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Its syntax is similar to SUM's:. Sums values in cells B2 through B6, and then divides the result by 5.

## Mathematical Function in Excel

And what do you call adding up a group of numbers and then dividing the sum by the count of those numbers? Yep, an average!The basic functions covered below are among the most popular formulas in Excel—the ones everyone should know. To help you learn, we've also provided a spreadsheet with all the formula examples we cover below. After you enter one of these functions in A1, you can then reformat the Date and Time or use the system default.

It also subtracts, multiplies, divides, and uses any of the comparison operators to return a result of 1 true or 0 false. Excel frames the column of numbers in green borders and displays the formula in the current cell. Remember your high school math?

If the numbers inside the formula are not grouped properly, the answer will be wrong. Notice the screenshot below figure 2. For this exercise, you can enter the same values in H, I, and J, with or without the blank rows in between again, added for easier viewing.

Note that as we build each formula, we are combining the steps, eventually, into a single formula.

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We start out with three separate formulas. The formula in K3 is wrong. It requires grouping the numbers according to the order of calculation using commas or parentheses.

Check your numbers again with your calculator and note that this formula is correct. Note that the syntax the structure or layout of the formula is correct in cells N7 and N8, but incorrect in N6.

By combining these formulas into one, you can eliminate columns K and L. The RAND function is really simple and traditionally used for statistical analysis, cryptography, gaming, gambling, and probability theory, among dozens of other things.

Note; however, that every time you enter new data and press the Enter key, the list of random numbers you just created changes. If you need to maintain your random numbers lists, you must format the cells as values. Now the list contains values instead of functions, so it will not change. Notice in the formula bar that the random numbers have 15 digits after the decimal Excel defaults to 9which you can change, if necessary as displayed in cell F3.

Just click the Increase Decimal button in the Number group under the Home tab. Again, you must copy the list and Paste as Values to maintain a static list. McGregor needs to order for his shop.Excel is a great way to organize and keep track of your data. There are more than functions in Excel. If you would like to know more about a function, simply follow the links we added for each of them. Got a different version?

No problem, you can still follow the exact same steps.

### Excel Formula Symbols Cheat Sheet (13 Cool Tips)

By definition, a function is a predefined formula in Excel which does calculations in the order specified by its parameters. Because learning how to add numbers in Excel is one of the most fundamental skills you need to learn. As you know, addition is an integral part of almost any calculation and task in Excel. As their name implies, they add the values in a specified range only when the criteria are met. The differences between the two are in the number of criteria you can specify.

These functions are useful when dealing with large data sets and manual calculations are inefficient and impractical. This function calculates the arithmetic mean of a set of numbers or the sum of the values divided by the number of values. People use the averages every day, from school grades to statistics.

These functions shine when you need to get averages from specifics sets in a range. It may seem rather rudimentary. But in actuality, this function is used in a lot of computations and scenarios. This function is used in many things like counting how many items there are in a listcounting specific casesand others.

But what if you only need to count a specific subset of cells? These functions are useful in tasks like project managementsales inventoryorder fulfillmentand others. This function returns the sum of the product of two or more arrays. This is an important Excel function since this is used to calculate weighted averages as well as simplify a lot of tasks like sales inventory. Ever had the need to come up with random values between a specified minimum and maximum values?Use this handy Cheat Sheet to discover great functions and tips to help you get the most out of Excel.

Some Excel functions apply to specific subject areas, but others are general and apply to all needs. The following list shows an array of Excel functions used by one and all. Check here for a quickie reference to the purpose of each Excel function. Here is list of Excel functions associated with text, along with a description of what each function does:.

Mathematics dictates a protocol of how formulas are interpreted, and Excel follows that protocol. The following is the order in which mathematical operators and syntax are applied both in Excel and in general mathematics. In Excel formulas, you can refer to other cells either relatively or absolutely. When you copy and paste a formula in Excel, how you create the references within the formula tells Excel what to change in the formula it pastes. You can also mix relative and absolute references so that, when you move or copy a formula, the row changes but the column does not, or vice versa.

If you create a formula in Excel that contains an error or circular reference, Excel lets you know about it with an error message. A handful of errors can appear in a cell when a formula or function in Excel cannot be resolved. Knowing their meaning helps correct the problem. He has written numerous articles and books on a variety of technical topics.

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His latest projects include large-scale cloud-based applications and mobile app development. Cheat Sheet. Excel Order of Operations to Keep in Mind Mathematics dictates a protocol of how formulas are interpreted, and Excel follows that protocol. Excel Cell References Worth Remembering In Excel formulas, you can refer to other cells either relatively or absolutely.

Excel Error Messages to Get to Know If you create a formula in Excel that contains an error or circular reference, Excel lets you know about it with an error message. A formula or a function inside a formula cannot find the referenced data NAME? Text in the formula is not recognized NULL!

A space was used in formulas that reference multiple ranges; a comma separates range references NUM! A formula has invalid numeric data for the type of operation REF! The wrong type of operand or function argument is used.